Export of Russian Wood Products in 2023 - Tendata

tendata blogMarket Insights

ten data blog20-05-2024

More than 50% of forest resources are concentrated in five countries: Russia, Brazil, Canada, the United States and China. With 82 billion cubic meters of forest resources, Russia ranks second in the world. The timber industry contributes about one percent (0.99%) of GDP to the Russian economy, and the annual value of the Russian timber industry exceeds 2.8 trillion rubles.

The furniture industry has the highest growth rate of production. As a result, the Russian furniture industry in 2023 saw a 20.7% increase in furniture production compared to 2022. Particleboard and fiberboard production grew by 6.7% and 11.3%, respectively. Door production also increased by 7.1% in 2023 compared to 2022, and the production of wooden crates increased by 6.7%. Production of all other types of products in the wood industry declined, with the lowest indicator for wood windows, which fell by 19.2%. The production of paper and paper products also decreased by 1.4%, and the production of wood processing and wood products decreased by 0.2%.

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Export of Russian Wood Products

The Russian wood industry is export-oriented. The main export products are plywood and softwood lumber. The share of pulp and paper-based manufactured boards exported is as high as 30% (the share of pulp exports is about 32%). In fact, these products (except timber) are exported mainly to the markets of the post-Soviet countries, primarily Central Asia (former Soviet Union).

According to customs data, export of russian wood products are declining. Thus, in 2023, Russia exported $9.9 billion worth of wood and wood products and pulp and paper products, a 29.7% decrease from 2022 ($14 billion).

At the end of 2023, sawn timber and log exports totaled 25 million cubic meters, compared to 27 million cubic meters in the same period of the previous year (down 7%). Exports of deep-processed products were around 21-22 million cubic meters.

Despite the negative forecasts following the downturn in the European market, the majority of companies in the timber industry managed to quickly shift their sales markets from Europe to Asia. Today, for the first time, the share of Asian countries in Russian timber exports reached 98%, while in 2021 it did not exceed 76%.

China remains the main partner, with about 13 million cubic meters of timber to be exported to the country in 2023, the same as in 2022. The next partner is Uzbekistan, consuming more than 2 million cubic meters of Russian timber (up 8%), and Kazakhstan is in the top three - 926,000 cubic meters, up 17% from 2022.

The top 10 importers include only Asian countries, namely Azerbaijan - 516 thousand cubic meters, Tajikistan - 482 thousand cubic meters, Kyrgyzstan - 417,000 cubic meters, Iran - 392,000 cubic meters, South Korea - 340,000 cubic meters, Japan - 337,000 cubic meters cubic meters, and Hong Kong - 283 million cubic meters.

Last year, Russian sawn timber products were sold to a total of 54 countries. Most of the supplies came from the Irkutsk region, the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Arkhangelsk region. in 2023, Siberia supplied almost half of the timber exported (9.2 million m3, or 44.7%). The Northwest Territories account for a quarter of the supply - 5.3 million m3 . Far Eastern mills exported 2.8 million m3 (13.5%), Urals mills 1.5 million m3 (7.2%), Volga mills 1.2 million m3 (5.9%), and the Central Federal District's share was 1.7%.

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