Indonesia's Major Exports in 2023 - Tendata

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ten data blog29-05-2024

Indonesia is an island nation in Southeast Asia, known for its rich natural resources and favorable geographic location, with a thriving and diversified economy. Driven by a growing export industry and rich natural resources, Indonesia has become the largest economy in Southeast Asia. in 2023, the total value of Indonesia's exports reached $236.41 billion, a figure that reflects the country's importance in global trade. So what products are driving Indonesia's economic growth? Let's explore them in detail.

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1. Palm Oil

Palm oil is Indonesia's largest export. Due to its wide range of uses, including the culinary, cosmetic and biofuel industries, palm oil is highly sought after in the global market. Indonesia's tropical climate and vast plantations make it the world's largest producer of palm oil, exporting more than 46 million tons of palm oil annually.

2. Textiles

Textiles are one of Indonesia's growing industrial exports and include a wide range of products such as fabrics, garments, handbags and shoes. Indonesia's textile industry is well developed and produces a wide range of garments, textiles and yarns that are competitive in the global market.

3. Coffee

Indonesia is one of the world's leading coffee producers, producing approximately 9.4 million bags of coffee annually, accounting for 6.6% of the global market. Indonesia's diverse coffee growing regions, including Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi, make its coffee highly sought after globally. China, Thailand, Japan and the United States are the main importers of Indonesian coffee.

4. Cocoa

Cocoa is the main ingredient in chocolate, and Indonesia is the world's third largest cocoa producer. With an annual production of 480,000 tons, the country accounts for 12.2% of global cocoa production and is crucial to the global chocolate market.

5. Paper Products

Indonesia produces and exports a wide range of paper products, including pulp, paper, and paperboard.In 2023, paper exports totaled about US$4.22 billion, mainly to China, Japan, Vietnam, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Pulp exports amounted to US$3.28 billion, mainly to Bangladesh, Vietnam, China, South Korea and India.

6. Shrimp

Shrimp is an important export commodity for Indonesia, especially in the fisheries sector. Indonesian shrimps are exported to countries such as Singapore, Hong Kong, China, Japan and the United Kingdom and are popular for their high quality. Shrimp is an important export product for Indonesia's booming aquaculture industry.

7. Footwear

Footwear is one of Indonesia's major exports with a wide range of industrial uses. Indonesian footwear is favored by global customers for its affordable price and high quality. With an annual export value of approximately US$6.17 billion, the main export products include sports shoes and delicate sandals.

8. Electronics

Electronics is an export product of considerable industrial value for Indonesia. Indonesia is emerging as a major exporter of electronic products (especially consumer electronics and components), and its electronics industry, which produces a wide range of electronic components and electrical equipment, has a significant presence in the global market.

Impact of slowing global economic expansion

Despite Indonesia's strong performance in export markets, the slowdown in global economic expansion has had a negative impact on its key commodity prices. For example, prices of commodities such as palm oil, nickel and coal have fallen. This situation is a reminder that Indonesia's economy is still subject to volatility in the global market despite its rich natural resources and strong manufacturing capabilities.


Indonesia's wide range of exports, from palm oil and textiles to coffee, cocoa and electronics, demonstrate the economic diversity and competitiveness of Southeast Asia's largest economy. Despite the challenges of global market volatility, Indonesia's abundant natural resources and growing manufacturing sector have made it an important player in global trade. In the future, Indonesia's export industries are expected to continue to drive its economic growth as global markets recover and technology advances.

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