Colombia Imports Exports in 2022 - Database From Tendata

tendata blogTrade Data

ten data blog05-01-2024

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Colombia's total imports in 2022 are estimated at $77.4 billion. Colombia's import purchases are up 26.7% year-over-year from $61.1 billion in 2021.

Colombia's Largest International Suppliers

The latest country-specific data show that Colombia's imports are supplied primarily by exporters from the United States (24.5% of Colombia's total), mainland China (24.2%), Brazil (7.1%), Mexico (5.4%), France (3.2%), Germany (3%), India (2.2%), Argentina (2.1%), Spain (1.9%), Japan (1.85%), Italy (1.6%), and the United States. (1.85%), Italy (1.6%) and Canada (1.5%).

Colombia's Top 10 Imports

1. Electrical machinery and equipment: $7.9 billion (10.2% of total imports)

2. Machinery including computers: $7.6 billion (9.8%)

3. Mineral fuels including oil: $7.4 billion (9.5%)

4. Vehicles: $6.4 billion (8.3%)

5. Plastics, plastic products: $3.9 billion (5%)

6. Pharmaceuticals: $3.5 billion (4.5%)

7. Cereals: $3.3 billion (4.3%)

8. Organic chemicals: $3.2 billion (4.2%)

9. Aircraft, spacecraft: $2.5 billion (3.2%)

10. Iron and steel: $2.5 billion (3.2%)

Colombia's top 10 imports accounted for 62.4% of its total product purchases from other countries.

Fossil fuels, including petroleum, are the fastest growing of Colombia's top 10 import categories, growing 95.9% from 2021 to 2022. In second place is Colombia's imports in the aircraft or spacecraft product category, which grew by 82.4%. Colombia's imports of automobiles grew by 33% compared to 2021, ahead of Colombia's spending on imported grains (up 29.4%).

The worst year-on-year decline was in the pharmaceutical sector, down -10.3%.

In terms of more detailed four-digit HS codes, Colombia's top 10 imports were refined petroleum (8.8% of Colombia's total), telephone equipment including smartphones (3.8%), automobiles (3.5%), aircraft or spacecraft (3%), corn (2.8%), pharmaceuticals mixing dosage (2.6%), computers (including optical readers) (2.1%), trucks ( 1.7%), blood components (including antisera) (1.6%), and solid residues (including soybean oil cake) (1.2%).


Colombia exported $39 billion worth of products to the world in 2022. Colombia's export revenue in 2022 was down -3.8% year-on-year from $40.5 billion in 2021.

Colombia's Most Valuable Trading Partners

The latest country-specific data shows that Colombia's exports are mainly purchased by importers in the following countries: the United States (30.9% of Colombia's global total), Panama (14.6%), India (6.3%), mainland China (4.4%), Ecuador (3.3%), Brazil (3.1%), Spain (2.8%), Mexico (2.4%), Canada ( 2.1%), Netherlands (1.79%), Peru (1.77%) and Italy (1.6%).

Colombia's Top 10 Exports

1. Fossil fuels including oil: $22.2 billion (57% of total exports)

2. Coffee, tea, spices: $4.1 billion (10.5%)

3. Gemstones, precious metals: $3.1 billion (7.9%)

4. Animal and vegetable fats, oils, waxes: $1.1 billion (2.8%)

5. Live trees, plants, cut flowers: $520.3 million (1.3%)

6. Miscellaneous food preparations: $500.1 million (1.3%)

7. Fruits, nuts: $450.2 million (1.2%)

8. Plastics, plastic products: $430.6 million (1.1%)

9. Machinery, including computers: $348.5 million (0.9%)

10. Other chemicals: $339.3 million (0.9%)

The value of Colombia's top ten exports is well over four-fifths (84.9%) of its total global exports.

Animal or vegetable fats, oils and waxes are the fastest-growing of the top ten export categories, increasing by 39.1% from 2021 to 2022. The second highest growth in export sales was in the coffee, tea and spices category, which grew by 28.1%. Colombia's shipments of fossil fuels, including oil, ranked third in terms of growth, with a 21.5 % increase.

The worst decline among Colombia's top 10 export categories was plastics, both as a material and as a plastic product, which fell by -78.3% year-over-year. In

more detailed four-digit HS code level, Colombia's most valuable export product commodities include crude oil (41.6 % of the global total), coffee (10.5 %), gold (7.5 %), refined petroleum (6.8 %), coke and semi-coke (4.6 %), coal and solid fuels made from coal (3.4 %), palm oil (1.7 %), fresh or dried flowers (1.3 %), coffee or tea extracts and concentrates (1 %), followed by copper waste and scrap (0.8 %).

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